Sibling DNA testing is performed to determine if two or more people share one or both parents. These tests are typically used as an indirect method to prove family relationships when the possible father is not able to undergo a paternity test. Less commonly, sibling DNA tests are used to determine if two people have the same mother. DNA testing for ancestry is frequently the trigger for individuals to order sibling DNA tests because close matches are disclosed as part of the testing.
Hundreds of stories are published online about siblings finding each other through DNA testing. While discoveries revealed through DNA testing can be emotionally difficult for all parties involved, many individuals are grateful for the chance to bond with newly-discovered family members.
- Four women who looked alike and had similar mannerisms discovered they were siblings. Each of the women already had a sister they had grown up with. Two of the “unrelated” women met after a mutual friend told them how much they resembled each other. DNA testing revealed that all four women were born to the same mother, who had put twin girls up for adoption and then subsequently got married and had two more daughters.
- DNA testing revealed that Ashley Thomas and Latoya Wimberly who were best friends for 17 years were actually half-sisters with the same biological father—he was as delighted by this discovery as his daughters were.
- When DNA testing for ancestry revealed what they thought was a first-cousin match, Julie connected with Robert online. Robert’s biological father confirmed that he had dated a 16-year-old girl in high school with the same name as the birth mother who gave Julie up for adoption. Julie and Robert agreed to take a half-sibling test, which confirmed they do indeed share the same biological father.
Types of Sibling DNA Tests
Full Sibling vs. Unrelated: The DNA of two individuals is compared to determine the probability they have the same biological mother and father versus being completely unrelated. A common use for this type of DNA test is in UK immigration cases in which a citizen wishes to sponsor a possible sibling applying for an immigrant visa.
Full Sibling vs. Half Sibling: The DNA of two individuals with the same biological mother is compared to determine the probability they have the same biological father. It is recommended that samples from the biological mother are also tested. Doing so can help determine precisely which genes the two children inherited from their biological father, thereby greatly increasing the conclusiveness of the test.
Half Sibling vs. Unrelated: The DNA of two individuals with different biological mothers is compared to determine the likelihood they have the same biological father. Preferably, samples from both biological mothers should be tested. This can help determine exactly which genes the two children inherited from their biological father(s), thereby greatly increasing the conclusiveness of the test.
Reasons to Take a Sibling DNA Test
- To confirm a biological relationship (e.g. when adopted)
- Medical history
- Government benefits
- Inheritance claims
- Immigration cases
- Insurance claims
Sibling DNA Testing FAQs
Can a DNA test prove half siblings?
Yes; sibling DNA testing can establish whether brothers and sisters share either a biological mother or father (half siblings).
Can a DNA test determine if siblings have the same father?
Yes; testing the DNA of siblings can determine a shared biological father without his involvement.
How much DNA do siblings share?
Full siblings share approximately 50% of the same DNA and more than that of more distant relatives, regardless of their gender, although the amount varies slightly.
Do twins have identical DNA?
Twins do not have identical DNA, whether they are fraternal or identical. Typically, people carry two copies of every gene, one inherited from each parent. In the past, scientists thought identical twins shared identical genetic profiles because they developed from the same fertilized egg. A 2008 study analyzed DNA in 19 adult sets of identical twins. Researchers identified regions in the genome that deviated from this two-copy rule, resulting in copy-number variants. They found these regions could carry anywhere from zero to more than 14 copies of a gene. They theorized that these variants were a natural occurrence that accumulated with age and the genome humans are born with are not the same as the one they die with—at least not for every cell in the body.
Sibling DNA Testing is an Invaluable Research Tool
In a research context, DNA testing of siblings is an invaluable tool to determine if diseases are genetic or associated with other factors (e.g. environmental exposure). For example, one twin in the 2008 study was missing some genes on specific chromosomes that indicated an increased risk of developing leukemia. Indeed, he developed leukemia, while the other twin did not. Because the subjects of this study were adults, the researchers could not determine whether this chromosomal anomaly occurred in utero or later due to external factors.
Whatever your personal reason for ordering a DNA sibling test, it is essential to select a highly-trusted and accredited lab to perform the testing. DDC offers the latest technology and accurate testing to resolve questioned biological-sibling relationships, for legal and medical reasons or just for personal knowledge and peace of mind.